Mexican Oregano—A Tasty Twist on an Age-Old Flavor
After a lifetime of growing edible plants, I've come to the conclusion that "oregano" should be a botanical category of aroma and taste rather than the common name for any one herb. After all, there are so many plants with the requisite essential oils that provide oregano's heady, easily recognizable fragrance and piquant flavor. Most folks in the U.S. are familiar with common oregano (Origanum vulgare), and many have used Greek oregano, Italian oregano, and Sicilian oregano—all cultivars of O. vulgare ssp. hirtum. Some even know about Turkistan oregano (Origanum tytthantum) from central Asia and showy oregano (O. pulchellum), which is popular in the Mediterranean region.
But the oregano experience is not confined to a single genus, Origanum. Take, for example, Cuban oregano, or Spanish thyme, called simply orégano in Spanish. This aromatic shrub and oregano analog is neither oregano (Origanum) nor thyme (Thymus), nor is it from Cuba or Spain, for that matter. The scientific name of this African native is Plectranthus amboinicus.
Mexican oregano (Photo by Benny J. Simpson, Texas A&M Dallas, TAES-Dallas)
Origanum and Plectranthus both belong to the Lamiaceae, or mint family, so you'd be forgiven for thinking that it's all just a family thing. But then along comes yet another wonderful oregano wannabe: Mexican oregano (Lippia graveolens)—also called orégano in Spanish—a member of the Verbenaceae, or verbena family. Little known in North America, this "oregano" is a great acquisition for plant collectors and herb gardeners alike.
Though not a true oregano, Mexican oregano is native to Mexico, as well as Guatemala and parts of South America. A somewhat ungainly shrub, it grows up to five feet tall and wide. Its brittle branches are very narrow, stiffly arching, and arranged in a seemingly haphazard manner. (The plant responds extremely well to pruning, so consider espaliers or topiaries as alternatives to the natural zigzag form). Its dark green, highly fragrant, corrugated foliage is minuscule—about 1/3-inch long by 1/8-inch wide. Tiny, starry-white flowers are borne intermittently throughout the year in the leaf axils.
Although a trifle difficult to find commercially (one nursery source is G.S. Grimes Seeds; 800-241-7333), Mexican oregano couldn't be easier to cultivate. Full sun, heat, and fertile, well-drained soil are all the plant requires. Average moisture is just fine. Lippia graveolens is hardy in USDA Zones 10 and 11. Gardeners in Zone 9 might risk it outside all year, but heavy, cool, wet winter soils will be its demise.
Farther north, try Mexican oregano as a container specimen outdoors in warm weather and overwintered indoors in a greenhouse or south-facing windowsill. Indoors it will relish the same conditions as bay or rosemary—cool temperatures and fresh, circulating air. Watch for spider mites, whiteflies, and mealy bugs. Propagation is a breeze from ripe tip cuttings.
Mexican oregano has a sweetness and intensity that many gourmets prefer to the flavor of the true European or Mediterranean species. The leaves are a wonderful flavoring for fish, meatballs, sausage, tomato sauces, or any recipe requiring a strong oregano essence. Trim off some of the plant's thicker branches and utilize them as flavor-enhancing skewers for seafood or poultry shish kebobs or vegetable brochettes. Whole branches can be strewn over hot charcoal to impart a fantastic taste to grilled foods.
In its native Mexico, the herb is sometimes called té de pais ("country tea"), because the dried leaves are brewed into an herbal tea. It is also employed in salsas, pozole (Mexican-style hominy soup, usually prepared with pork), adobos (strongly flavored Mexican seasoning pastes), and rajas (roasted and seasoned chile strips used as filling for tortillas or quesadillas or as a base for more complex dishes).