Abies grandis is native to the Pacific Northwest, the mountains of Idaho, and northern California. This large evergreen conifer grows upwards of 300 feet tall and has a trunk diameter of up to 6 feet. Because of its weak wood, grand fir is used primarily for paper making and packing crates.
- Leaves are needlelike, at least four times longer than wide.
- Needles occur singly, not in clusters.
- Buds are round or egg-shaped and have blunt tips.
- Needles are attached directly to the stem.
- Mature needles are 1 to 2 inches long.
- Needles spread horizontally and are 1 ¼ to 2 inches long.
- Needles have notched tips and have white bands only on the lower surface.