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White Fir

Abies concolor
White fir

Abies concolor is a species of medium- to large-size fir native to the mountains of western North America. White fir has citrus scent and grows 80 to 140 feet tall. Soft, long-holding needles make white fir a popular Christmas tree.

Identifying Characteristics:

  1. Leaves are needlelike, at least four times longer than wide.
  2. Needles occur singly, not in clusters.
  3. Buds are round or egg-shaped and have blunt tips.
  4. Needles are attached directly to the stem.
  5. Mature needles are 1 to 2 inches long.
  6. Needles spread horizontally and are 1¼ to 2 inches long.
  7. Needles have pointed tips and have white bands on upper and lower surfaces.

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