Japanese Hill-and-Pond Garden: Graceful Evergreens, Snow Lanterns, and Winter Wildlife
In the Japanese tradition, gardens highlight seasonal change so that there's something beautiful and interesting to experience all year. Winter is especially enchanting after a snowfall.
- Artfully pruned evergreen trees. Age and perseverance are highly valued in Japanese culture, and trees are often intentionally shaped to look weathered and old. Proper pruning also allows them to gracefully hold snow.
- The yukimigata (“snow-viewing”) lantern on Turtle Island. After a snowfall, its wide, flat roof holds a blanket of snow.
- Resident wildlife. A pair of hawks has been nesting in one of the garden’s pines for several years. They hunt, mate, and tend their nest in winter. Cardinals can be seen foraging for seeds and nuts, and koi sometimes appear at the pond’s surface. (Unlike the garden's resident red-eared slider turtles, koi don’t hibernate.)
This garden was also designed to appeal to different senses. Notice things like the scent of the pines and the sounds of animals, or even just your own footsteps on a quiet day.
Rock Garden: Alpine Habitats, Conifers, and Winter Blooms
The Rock Garden includes a variety of microclimates, including several alpine habitats, set apart by carefully arranged boulders.
- A wide variety of conifers native to mountainous regions including the Rock Mountains and Norther Europe.
- Witch-hazels, both native and Asian species. These ribbon-like flowers bloom in winter, usually during a warm spell, but persist for weeks giving off a light, citrusy scent.
- Hellebores, another winter bloomer. Several lovely species and cultivars appear in fall, through winter and spring.
Aquatic House and Orchid Collection: Another, Warmer, World
Step indoors to the lush environment of the glass-enclosed Aquatic House, where it's warm, moist, and often sunny even in the dead of winter. Tropical and subtropical plants cascade from hanging pots and tree trunks, grow skyward from beneath the water, or float on the surface of the pools.
- Carnivorous plants, mangrove trees, and giant Victoria lily pads in the bog environment of the southernmost pool.
- Colorful orchids blooming throughout the house. Most are epiphytic species—plants that use other plants for support and get moisture and nutrients from the air. Some hang from wooden pots or racks. Others are growing on tree trunks as they would in their native habitat.
- More orchids in the display cases. There are hundreds of orchids in the Garden’s collection, and the most spectacular are placed on view here when they bloom.
The Aquatic House is particularly inviting on a cold day, but orchids bloom here throughout the year. Be sure to visit in other seasons to see more of the collection.
Conservatory Pavilions: Desert Blooms, Tropical Fruit, and Gorgeous South African Flowers
The Steinhardt Conservatory’s three indoor pavilions are climate controlled to replicate different ecosystems: an arid desert, a humid tropical rainforest, and the mild warmth of the Mediterranean, California, and South Africa.
- The colorful tubular flower spikes of aloes blooming in the Desert Pavilion.
- South African bulbs like Natal lily, Cape cowslip, and bird-of-paradise blooming in January and February in the Warm Temperate Pavilion. The fragrant olive blossoms also smell wonderful at this time of year—you may notice the lovely scent before you can identify its source.
- Mangoes, papayas, starfruit, jack fruit, guavas, and other tropical fruits and flowers growing high up in the branches of the Tropical Pavilion's trees.
Plants from different regions that share the same growing conditions grow together here: African honeysuckle and Italian jasmine in the Warm Temperate Pavilion, Mexican cacti and succulents from Madagascar in the Desert Pavilion, and South American anthuriums and fishtail palms from Asia in the Tropical Pavilion.
Crabapples in the Osborne Garden and hollies in the Plant Family Collection and Shakespeare and Native Flora Gardens. Winter berries and fruits are an important food source for resident birds.
The deceptively quiet forest of the Native Flora Garden. The bare branches may appear dead, but inside, they are very much alive and preparing for spring.